A potential vaccine for the coronavirus has already begun human trial starting this Monday, said US health officials. The coronavirus vaccine would help to prevent COVID-19 infection, but not treat the disease if you come down with it.

coronavirus vaccine
A new coronavirus vaccine is already undergoing trial

Dr. Anthony Fauci, director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, said the vaccine trial process is being expedited. "A safe and effective vaccine...is an urgent public health priority", the Doctor said, “this Phase 1 study, launched in record speed, is an important first step toward achieving that goal".

The people working on this coronavirus vaccine are not the same as the German company US President Trump attempted to hire to make vaccines only for the US.  The US National Institutes of Health has been working along with biotech company Moderna to make this vaccine. So this vaccine should be more widely available for people around the world.

How will the coronavirus vaccine trial work?

This trial has begun at the Kaiser Permanente Washington Health Research Institute in Seattle, Washington, USA. The state of Seattle has been one of the biggest hotspots of COVID-19 in the US, where officials already banned public gatherings. Phase 1 of the trial will test the vaccine on 45 men and non-pregnant women from 18 to 55 years old.

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The trial will be a pretty complicated process

The danger of the coronavirus has been clear for everyone on Earth: over 180,000 are infected with over 7000 deaths, and the peak is still months away. Despite many people having recovered from the virus, there is no proven therapy to treat this disease.

Therefore, having a vaccine is what every country wants to combat the coronavirus disease as it's already doing major damage to people and economies. But medical experts continue to warn that a vaccine for public use would still take a while.

We are moving faster, but not that fast!

This is because making a vaccine requires a process of developing, testing and reviewing, which is something that would take months or even years. Before trials could even start, the researchers would need to fully understand the way the virus behaves, have safety tests, and have enough volunteers.

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Even if the vaccine process is progressing faster, it's not as fast as most of us would like

Dr. Lisa Jackson of Kaiser Permanente is the leader of this early trial. The way this works is volunteers receive two vaccine doses via intramuscular injection in the upper arm, with a 28-day period between each dose. Every volunteer would receive either a vaccine dose of 25 micrograms, 100 micrograms or 250 micrograms. 45 people would be split into three groups of 15 to receive the separate doses.

Dr. Jackson is committed to getting this vaccine out to the public as soon as possible. “This work is critical to national efforts to respond to the threat of this emerging virus,” said Jackson, “we are prepared to conduct this important trial because of our experience as an NIH clinical trials center since 2007".

How does the vaccine work?

Dr. Fauci said this new vaccine would work by carrying genetic material called messenger RNA (mRNA) produced in a lab. mRNA is a genetic code with the role of getting cells to produce a particular protein. In this case, the mRNA was found in the outer coat of the novel coronavirus.

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The vaccine works by instructing cells to make coronavirus proteins

The mRNA from the vaccine would get the human body's cells to make proteins that mimic COVID-19 proteins, which would allow the immune system to produce a response. Theoretically, this would let anyone who takes the vaccine to gain immunity to the virus that has been ravaging many countries!

A reminder though, that a vaccine would not solve “problems in the next couple of months but it certainly would be an important tool that we would have” according to Fauci. Fortunately, as the weather gets warmer in the coming months, the spread of the virus would decrease.

Stay tuned and check out our coronavirus section on GuruGamer.com for more news and updates on the complex developments of the dangerous new coronavirus, COVID-19.