Katana

Perhaps each time one hears the word “Samurai”, the first thing that jumps in his or her mind will be a long sword with a relatively long blade and handle - Katana Sword. This type of sword is designed to fit two hands holding to attack from a far distance with a curved, slender, single-edged blade covered by a circular or squared guard. 

Samurai Katana
Katana is designed to fit two hands holding to attack from a far distance with a curved, slender, single-edged blade.

As usual, a Katana is equipped with a set of dimensions that help it separate from others. A traditional Katana is from 3 to 4 feet long, in which the hilt composes one-fourth of the total length and the typical curvature is approximately 1 inch. 

Wakizashi 

Samurai Wakizashi
On average, a Wakizashi is nearly 50cm long and was worn along with another Katana by Samurais in feudal Japan.

Sharing the same design with the Katana, the Wakizashi is also very popular with a little shorter length. On average, a Wakizashi is nearly 50cm long and was worn along with another katana by samurai warriors in feudal Japan. The pair composed of Katana and Wakizashi was called "daisho", meaning “large and small”, and it has been a must-have weapon worn by the Samurai at all times. 

Tanto

Although the Tanto is not recognized as a kind of sword in terms of appearance, it is still a Japanese dagger that is used for such a long time in the country. There are two types of blade available: single and double edge.

Samurai Tanto
Tanto can be used for slicing and cutting.

In general, a Tanto’s function is similar to a Wakizashi, which is mainly used for stabbing instruments. However, Tanto’s edge is sharpened to be pretty keen, so it can be used for slicing and cutting as well. Over a long period of time, Tanto has become an ornament and mostly used in decorations until now. 

Nodachi

Samurai Nodachi
Nodachi can be considered as a “field sword” or a “great sword”.

Because a Nodachi is bigger and longer as compared to a typical Katana, it can be understood as a “field sword” or a “great sword” to some extent. Owing to its structure, the Nodachi was mostly used by foot soldiers in fights against cavalry and many open field encounters. As a result, it is not suitable in close range or restricted space. 

Tachi

Samurai Tachi
Tachi is the predecessor of Katana.

Actually, this Japanese sword is the predecessor of Katana, but it is more curved and longer. It has the average length of 75cm that is especially ideal for Samurais on horseback - who needed better length and curvature to effectively creat injury on foot soldiers.